Written in 1560 by John Knox and five other "Johns" (Willock, Winram, Spottiswood, Row and Douglas) in five days at the conclusion of the Scottish civil war in response to medieval Catholicism and at the behest of the Scottish Parliament. Its central doctrines are those of election and the Church. It was approved by the Reformation Parliament and Church of Scotland, attaining full legal status with the departure of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1567.
Comment: The Scots Confession assumes Christians interpret the Christian Bible.The last sentence of this excerpt sums up its guidelines for interpretation. A particular text should be interpreted in the context of Christian faith as understood from the whole Bible. Our understanding should not violate a common sense reading or the rule of love that is revealed in the New Testament.
"The interpretation of Scripture, we confess, does not belong to any private or public person, not yet to any Kirk for pre-eminence or precedence, personal or local, which it has above others, but pertains to the Spirit of God by whom the Scriptures were written. When controversy arises about the right understanding of any passage or sentence of Scripture, or for the reformation of any abuse within the Kirk of God, we ought not so much to ask what men have said or done before us, as what the Holy Ghost uniformly speaks within the body of the Scriptures and what Christ Jesus himself did and commanded. . .. So if the interpretation or opinion of any theologian, Kirk or council is contrary to the plain Word of God written in any other passage of the Scripture, it is most certain that this is not the true understanding and meaning of the Holy Ghost. . .. We dare not receive or admit any interpretation which is contrary to any principal point of our faith, or to any other plain text of Scripture, or to the rule of love."